Addressing barriers to participation through outreach communications

An older man and an older woman smiling widely at the camera. The man has his arm resting on the woman's shoulder

Last week we held our first member co-working session on outreach communications. This collaborative and supportive session was facilitated by Hub member Jo Stapleton, Good Practice Mentor Outreach Specialist, based at Age UK Camden and part of the national Good Practice Mentor Programme team. This blog post encapsulates the key insights of what we discussed. If you’re a member of the Hub, visit the Outreach & Engagement Group to continue the conversation. 

An older man and an older woman smiling widely at the camera. The man has his arm resting on the woman's shoulder

Common barriers to engagement

When it comes to promoting an activity or event, good outreach communication plays a crucial role in attracting participants and reaching people who need your services the most.

However, outreach communications used to promote groups and activities for older people can often reinforce and perpetuate negative preconceptions.

Through insights gained from door knocking and meeting older people in the local community, Ageing Better in Camden found these common barriers to engagement:

  • People not identifying with the term ‘older person’ – many people said they didn’t feel aged at all
  • Low self expectations, and thinking that they wouldn’t enjoy or benefit from the activity
  • Expectations that the group or activity was not aimed at them
  • The digital divide and lack of engagement
  •  A previous negative experience or being made to feel unwelcome

Worries about taking a social risk

Another common barrier to participation is the fear of taking a social risk. A social risk is a preconception or set of expectations about what might happen and is expected of someone in a social situation. The more formal or organised the situation is, the larger the social expectations and risks are perceived to be.

Many individuals may also worry about feeling out of place, stuck, or being judged by others when participating in a new activity or group setting. These worries can be heightened for people who are isolated.

Using language that reduces some of the pressure or expectations of how someone should be or feel when attending the activity can help to reduce this barrier. For example, saying an activity is ‘an easy going, informal and relaxed way to meet other local people’ can feel less pressured than saying ‘have fun, socialise and make friends’.

Top tips for inclusive outreach communications

There are some simple steps you can take to ensure your outreach communications reach and engage the right audience:

  • Use clear, informal language to describe what the activity is. For example, describe a coffee morning as a chance to ‘drop by for a free coffee and meet your neighbours’.
  • Ensure that all relevant details about the activity, such as date, time, location are included. You could also provide images of the location and a map of how to get there.
  • Avoid references to ‘older people’ in your outreach communications. Including an age range such as 55+ is clearer and removes assumptions about who and what ‘older people’ means.
  • Don’t assume that people have internet access or the ability to connect online. Provide a contact name and telephone number.
  • Be mindful of the images you use to promote your activities and the representation of older people through images.
  • Think about the overall accessibility of your poster or flyer:
    – Use a legible font that has good readability, such as Arial, Helvetica or Calibri
    – Make sure there is adequate spacing between lines and paragraphs
    – Use point 14 font as a minimum

Effective outreach engagement with older adults requires overcoming barriers through inclusive communication. By using informal, welcoming language and avoiding age-specific labels, we can make our events more accessible and reduce social pressure. This approach fosters a welcoming environment that helps us to reach and engage with those who can benefit the most from our services.


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